PRIMITIVE HUMAN INSTITUTIONS***
man surpasses his animal ancestors in his capacity to appreciate
the Humor, the Art and the Religion.
Socially, the man exhibits his superiority since he is purely Manufacturer
of Tools, Communicator and Creator
When the human beings conserve their social groups for enough
time, this groups always become new activity tendencies that
culminate in the “Institutionalization”.
Most of the Institutions created by the man have turned out to be minimizers of heavy
the work, and at the same time, they contribute to improve the security
of the group.
The civilized man is revalued considerably by the character,
the stability and continuity of his established institutions;
but all the human institutions
are not but the accumulated customs of the past, as long as they have been
conserved by taboos and dignified by the religion. Such legacies end up
being traditions, and the traditions in the long run become “Conventions”.
THE FUNDAMENTAL HUMAN INSTITUTIONS
the human “Institutions” assist to
some social necessity, and in spite of its excessive development,
as much in the past as in the present, certainly it diminished merit to
the “individual” since it eclipses to the personality
and impaired the initiative. The man should be in control of his
institutions instead of allowing to be dominated by these creations from
the civilization in advance.
The Human Institutions are of three general classes:
INSTITUTIONS OF THE SELF-CONSERVATION. These institutions
include those practices that arise of the hunger, of the
sustenance and of their instincts tuned to the Self-Preservation.
This includes the industry, the property, the profit stratagem
and all the regulator mechanisms of the society. Sooner
or later the “instinct of the fear” foments the
establishment of these institutions of the survival by the
taboo, the convention and the religious sanction. This way,
the fear, the ignorance and the superstition have
played a preponderant part in the initial stage of the origin
and subsequent development of all the human institutions.
INSTITUTIONS OF THE SELF-PERPETUATION. These are
the establishments of the society that arise from the sexual
instinct, the maternal instinct and the
tender emotions and superiors from the races. They
include the social safeguards of the home and the school,
of the family life, the education, the ethic and the religion.
They include the matrimonial customs, the defensive war and
the formation of the home.
INSTITUTIONS OF THE SELF-GRATIFICATION. These are
the practices that arise from the tendencies of the “vanity” and
the emotions of the “pride”; they understand
the customs of the dress and personal decoration, the social
usages, the war for the glory, the dance, the amusement,
the games and other phases of sensual gratification. But
understand that in the human civilization, independent institutions of the
Self-Gratification have never evolved.
three groups of social practical are intimately interrelated and
they are minutely interdependent to each other. Here in URANTIA[The Earth], they represent a complex organization that works as one only and great social mechanism. [Top]
THE BEGINNINGS OF THE INDUSTRY
Industry” was developed slowly as insurance against
the panic of the hunger. At the beginning of their existence,
man was learning from some animals how to store food during an
abundant crop, for the days of shortage.
Before the dawn of the growing moderation and the primitive industry, the
luck of the common tribe was of misery and of serious suffering because the
primitive man had to compete with the whole animal Kingdom for his foods. The
graveness of the “competition” always forces the man to be lowered
at the level of the inhumane. The “poverty” is a natural and tyrannical
state; while the “wealth” is “not” a natural gift of
the man, because it resuls from the work, the science and the organization
of the group.
The primitive man didn't delay in recognizing the advantages of the “Association”.
The Association led to the Organization, and the first result
of the organization was the “distribution of the work”
with its subsequent saving of time and materials. These specializations of
the work arose from the adaptation to the pressures of the moment -following
the ways of smaller resistance. The primitive savages never liked to carry out the works. Their conformity was due to the imposition of
The primitive man had dislike to the arduous work, and he didn't adapt soon unless
it was confronted himself with some serious danger. The “temporary” element
of the work, the concept of carrying out a given task inside certain limit
of time, is already a notion of the modern times because the old men were
never in a hurry. The primitive races that were “inactive” by nature
were impelled to the way of the Industry, for the double demand:
The intense fight to exist and the levels of life in constant advance.
The work, the efforts of the projects distinguishes the man from the beasts,
although their efforts are, in their majority, “instinctive”.
The necessity of the work is the man's supreme blessing. The Planetary Prince's
retinue [the 100 members], for then worked; they worked a lot to ennoble the physical
work here in URANTIA. ADAM was market-gardening; this way the God of Hebrews
was Worker -was the Creator and Supporting of Everything. Hebrew was the first
tribe in giving bigger importance to the “Industry”.
It was the first town in decreeing that: “The one that doesn't
work won't eat”. But many of the religions of the world
reverted the previous ideal for the “idleness”;
this way, Jupiter was a binger and Buda ended up being a reflexive one devoted
of the leisure.
The SANGIK tribes [the ancestors of the six races of color
of URANTIA, and more intelligent than their primitive fellow men] were relatively
industrial, when they resided outside of the tropical regions. However, there
was always a lingering fight among the “lazy” ones
devoted of the magic and the apostles of the “work”,
those that exercised the “foresee”.
The first human's foresee was directed toward the conservation of the “fire”,
the “water” and the “food”.
But the primitive man was an astute natural; again and again, he managed
to get something in exchange for nothing; and very often during these primitive
times, it was attributed to their accumulated achievements, the product of the
practice the “patience” and of the “amulets”. For
it the magic took a lot in giving in before the Foresee, the Self-Denial and
the Industry. [Top]
THE SPECIALIZATION OF THE WORK
the beginning, the natural circumstances and then the social ones
determined the divisions of the work in the primitive society.
The original orders of the specialization of the work were:
Specialization based in the Sex. The woman's works
derived of the selective presence of the children; the women
by nature love the newly born ones more than the men. This
way the woman became a routine worker, while the man became
hunter and fighter, practicing marked periods of “work” and “rest”.
Through the ages the taboos has been good to maintain the woman
strictly in her field. The man, in a very egoistic way, has chosen
the most interesting work, leaving the arduous routine work to the woman.
The man has always been embarrassed of carrying out the woman's works;
however, the woman has never demonstrated reluctance some when carrying
out the man's works. But it is strange that as much the man as the woman
have always collaborated together in the construction and installation
of the Home.
Modification that result from the Age and the Illnesses...
These differences determined the subsequent division of the
work. Soon the old men and invalids were put to work manufacturing
tools and weapons. Then they were assigned the construction
of all type of watering works.
Differentiation based in the Religion. The quack
doctors were the first human beings in avoiding the arduous
physical work; from there, they constituted the precursor class
of the “professionals”. The blacksmiths
represented a reduced group that competed with the quack
doctors like “magicians”. Their knowledge of
the metallurgy made them to be feared; this way, ones called “white
blacksmiths”, the “tinners” and the “black
blacksmiths”, or blacksmiths, gave origin to the primitive
beliefs in the white and black magic. With time these beliefs
ended up impacting in the superstition of the good and bad
ghosts, the good and bad spirits.
The blacksmiths were the first non religious group in enjoying special
privileges; they were considered as neutrals during the wars, and this
additional leisure transformed them into the class of the “Politicians” of
the primitive society. Nevertheless, because of gross abuses of these privileges
the blacksmiths ended up being generally hated, and the quack doctors didn't
take long in fomenting this hate toward their competitors. In this first war
between the “science” and the “religion”,
it won the religion [the superstition]. And after having been thrown out
the villages, the blacksmiths maintained the first inns, public housings,
in the bordering of the towns.
Master and the Slave. The following division of
the work arose of the relationships of the Conquerors with
those Conquered, that which supposed the beginning of the “human
differentiation based in the Physical and Mental
Endowments. The innate differences among the men
favored the ulterior divisions of the work; because all the
human beings are not born the same.
first specialists in the industry were the makers of Flints and
the Masonry; to these two, were followed by the Blacksmiths. Later
on the specialization in groups was developed; then, families and
whole clans were devoted to certain work types. The origin of one
of the first “priestly castes”, very apart from the
tribal quack doctors, it was due to the excessive superstitious
exaltation from a family of experts manufacturers of swords.
Among the first groups of specialists in the industry were also the exporters
of the “salt gem” and the “potters”. The women worked
the simple “pottery” and the men decorated it. The women worked
in some tribes the “weave” and the “seam”, and among
other tribes the men carried out these works.
The first “exchange brokers” were the women; they
were used like spies, making the exchange like secondary company. Then they
expanded the swap. The women made of intermediary –stockbrokers. Then
arose the “merchant” class that charged a commission
or earnings in exchange for its services. The growing exchange in group
evolved in the “trade”. After the interchange
of basic products, the interchange of specialized labour was born. [Top]
THE BEGINNINGS OF THE TRADE OF THE SWAP
as the marriage for “contract” continued the marriage
for “capture”; likewise, the trade for “exchange” continued
to the taking of possession by the “force”. But it
intervened a lingering period of “piracy”, and this
happened between the first exercises of the mute exchange and
the later trade for modern methods of exchange.
the beginning, the exchange was made by armed
exchange-broker that left their merchandises in a neuter place.
The women carried out the first market actions. They were the first “exchange
broker”, which it was due to that they were the carrier
of the loads since the men were the warriors. In short time
the table of exchanges was developed;
a wall quite wide to prevent the merchants to be reached with weapons.
was also used talismans to mount guard on the deposits of the merchandises
for the mute exchange. These squares were safe against the theft;
they didn't retire anything unless it was by means of the exchange
or purchase; and with guard's fetish the merchandises were always safe.
These merchants were conscientiously honest inside their tribe,
but they considered that it was correct to deceive the strangers
that came from outside. Primitive Hebrews even had another ethics
code to treat the heathens.
exchange” continued during a lot of time, until
before the men began to be disarmed inside the sacred square
of the market. These same squares became the first places
for the “sanctuaries”, and in some
countries they ended up being known as “refuge cities”.
All fugitive that arrived at the square of the market was safe
and sound of the attack.
The first way to measure weights was with wheat grains and other cereals. The first
means of exchange was the fish or the goat. Then the cow ended
up being an exchange unity.
Writing” originated among the first registrations
of the trade; the man's first literature was a document of commercial
promotion, a publicity of the “salt”. Great part
of the wars by then took place after natural deposits, such as
of flint, salt and metals. The first formal “tribal treaty”,
agreed the tribe-inter-change of a deposit of salt. These places
agreed by the treaties offered the opportunity to interchange
ideas and to alternate, with several tribes, in a friendly and
The Writing progressed
through the stages of the stick messenger, the knotted cords, the
pictographic, the hieroglyphics and the belts of shell bills, until
the first symbolic alphabets. The shipment of messages evolved
from the primitive signs of smoke until the pedestrian mail,
to the back of a beast, railroads, airplanes, also the telegraph,
the telephone and all wireless communication.
old Merchants transported new ideas and better
methods all over the world inhabited. The Trade that
was linked with the adventure was in the exploration and the discovery
and all the above-mentioned gave born to the Transport.
The Trade has been the great civilizer through the promotion of the
intercultural fertilization. [Top]
THE BEGINNINGS OF THE CAPITAL
The “Capital” is
the applied work in a way of renunciation of the present in favor
of the future. The “Savings” represent
an insurance form for the conservation and the survival. The “Hoard” of
the foods developed the self-dominion, then the monopoly;
and this generated the first serious problems of the Capital and
the Work. At the time, the man that had reserved food, as long
as he could preserve it from the thieves, had a frank advantage over
the man that didn't have it.
banker” was the most valuable in the tribe. The
collective treasures were consigned to him, so the whole clan
defended his shack in the event of assault. This way the accumulation
of the “individual's capital” and the “collective
wealth” didn't take long in becoming a military organization;
and at the beginning, these cautions were created to defend the
property against the foreing invaders; but, later on, it became
a habit to maintain these military organizations, exercising
and undertaking invasions of the property and the wealth of other
basic impulses that exceeded in the accumulation
of the "Capital" were:
Hunger. Related with foresee. To keep and conserve
the foods admitted the power and the comfort for those that
had enough foresee. This way they got ready for the future
necessities. The “Storage” of
the foods was enough guarantees against the hunger and the
catastrophes. In fact, an entire organism of primitive customs
was devised to help the primitive man to subordinate the
future to the present and not the opposite that is the
desire of these present days.
Affection to the Family. The desire to satisfy their
basic necessities. The “Capital” represents the
saving of the property, in spite of the pressure of the necessities
of the present, and in order to be safe against the demands
of the uncertain future.
Vanity. The yearning to exhibit the accumulations
of property. The extra wardrobe figured among the first symbols
of the distinction. From the beginning and motivated by the “vanity”, it
got a lot of the man's attention to collect objects.
Position. The desire to buy social and political
prestige. Soon “marketer nobility” arose, the
admission to it depended on the execution some special service borrowed
to it, or it was conferred simply in exchange for
Power. The longing of being a master. To lend treasures
was a mean of slavery, being the rate of the loan of a hundred
annual percent in these old times. The moneylenders later became “kings”, forming
a permanent army of debtors. The “servant slaves” were
the first forms of property in accumulating; and it even
extended until after the death.
Fear to the Unknow. The quotas paid to the priests for
protection. The man since very early began to give gifts to
the priests with an eye toward obtaining participation and
easiness in his progress, in the next life. The priesthoods,
this way, ended up being very rich and they were the main
ones among the old capitalists.
Sexual Impulse. The desire to buy one or more women. This way, the first form of the man's trade was the exchange
of women, and this preceded for a lot of time to the swap
of horses. But this exchange of sexual slavery made that
the society didn't advance; this traffic was and it continues
being, one racial dishonor; because it hindered the development
of the family life and at the same time, it contaminated
largely the biological aptitude of the superior towns.
numerous forms of the Self-Gratification. Many sought
the wealth since it conferred “power”
and others harass for the property since it supposed “comfort”.
The primitive man and still in the current times, tended
to waste too much his resources in excessive “luxuries”. Since then the alcoholic beverages and narcotics degraded the
the civilization developed, the man was acquiring new incentives
to save; and soon new foods were added to the
necessities of the “natural hunger”. The poverty was
hate it so much that it was believed that only to the rich ones
corresponded to win the sky when dying. It was a believe that
who gave an ostentatious banquet could erase dishonors of its name.
The accumulation of the wealth didn't delay in becoming the symbol
of the “social distinction”. The individuals of certain tribes
accumulated properties during many years only to cause impression, burning
them in some holiday or distributing them gratuitously among their partners
of the tribe. This converted them into great men. Even in today's
modern towns, they delight in the prodigal distribution of the gifts of Christmas;
while the rich endow to the big institutions of charity and culture. This way,
the man's techniques developed a lot, but their innate qualities remain without
Also many old rich distributed great part of their fortune because they feared
that those that coveted their treasures gave them death. Even some rich ones
used to sacrifice twentieth of slaves to demonstrate the contempt of their
Although the “Capital” has been good to alleviate
the man's material life, on the other hand, it has complicated in great degree
his social and industrial organization. But, the wrong use of the capital by unjust
capitalists doesn't invalidate the fact that this is the foundation of
the modern industrial society. through the Capital and the Invention,
today's generation enjoys a better degree of material freedom that
never before has preceded in the earth. This is put in the registry
like a fact, but it doesn't justify the multiple grafts of the capital for
senseless and selfish custodians. [Top]
THE FIRE IN RELATION TO THE CIVILIZATION
Primitive Society, with is four divisions: Industrial, Regulatory, Religious and Military;
it arose from the instrumentality of the fire, the animals, the slaves and
To light the “fire” voluntarily separated the
man of the animal of a single jump forever. This constitutes the great invention
or fundamental human discovery. The “fire” allowed the man to remain
on the ground during the night, instead of the trees, since all the animals fear
it, the man felt safe with the fire. The “fire” fomented the social
treatment at dusk; and not only had it preserved of the cold and the ferocious
beasts, but it also served as protection against the spectra. At the beginning
it was used more to light that to heat; many retarded tribes refused to sleep
on the ground unless a flame burns for the whole night.
The Fire was a great civilizer, endowing the man with the
first mean why he could be altruistic without losing anything, because it
allowed him to give hot coal to a neighbor without being deprived of it. From
then on, the “fire” of the blaze was assisted by the mother or for
the first-born female; the Fire was the first educator, because it
urged to the Vigilance and the Constancy.
The primitive Home was not any building, but rather the
family met around the Blaze [Home] and this was the
family blaze. And when a son founded a new home, a firebrand of the blaze of
the family was taken.
Although ANDON, the discoverer of the fire, didn't want to
treat it like object of adoration, his descendants considered
the fire flame like a fetish or spirit. But they were not able to take advantage
of the sanitary benefits of the fire, when they did not learn to burn the waste.
The primitive man feared to the fire and it always tried to maintain it to
good disposition, from here the spread of the incense. Under no circumstance
they spit in the fire, or they passed between a person and a burning fire.
The first members of the mankind even assumed for sacred to the iron pyres
and the stones that were used to light the fire.
it was considered a serious lack to extinguish the flame; and
if a shack caught fire, it was allowed to burn. The fires of the
temples and chapels were sacred and it was never allowed that they
went out, with the exception that they accustomed to light new
flames every year or after some calamity. Women were chosen for
priestesses because they were the custodies of the domestic blazes.
The primitive myths about how the fire descended of the gods, arose of the observations
of the fires caused by the rays. These concepts of supernatural origin generated
the adoration of the fire, and from it resulted the habit of “passing by
the fire”; an exercise that was carried out until the times of Moses.
The concept of passing by the fire after the death still persists. The myth of
the fire was a great bond in the primitive times and it still lasts in the
symbolism of the Parsees.
From the fireresulted the “cooking”, and the “eaters
of the raw” became a ridicule form. The cooking reduced
the expense of necessary vital energy for the digestion of the food, and this
way, the primitive man was nurtured with new energy for the social
culture; on the other hand, the breeding of animals that reduced the effort
to get the food, provided time for the social activities.
We should have present that the use of the fire opened the doors of the Metallurgy
and it resulted in the subsequent discovery of the energy of vapor and the current
uses of the electricity. [Top]
THE UTILIZATION OF THE ANIMALS
the beginning, the whole animal Kingdom was enemy of the
man; and the human beings had to learn how to be protected from the
beasts. First the man hunted the animals; and later, he learned
how to tame them and inclusive to make them serve him.
domestication of the animals took place for eventuality. The wild
man hunted the flocks in a very similar way to as the North American
Indians hunted the bison. Surrounding the flock, they could dominate
the animals and this way to kill them according to their nutritious
necessities. Later on, the corrals were built and whole flocks
It was easy to tame some animals, but like the elephants, a great part
of them didn't reproduce in captivity. More than that; it ended up discovered
that certain species of animals submitted to the man's presence, and that
they reproduced in captivity. This promoted the domestication of animals by
means of the selective breeding, an art that comes progressing from the days
The first animal in being tamed was the “dog” and the arduous experience of taming it began when certain dog, after having spent an entire day following a hunter, in fact ended up accompaning to him
his house and staying there. During ages the dogs were used for food source, hunting, transportion and company. At the beginning, the dogs were limited
to howl, and later they learned how to bark. The sharp smell of the dog gave
the notion that it could see spirits, and the cults of canine-fetishes arose
this way. The use of watchdogs for the first time made possible that the whole
clan could sleep better at night. Next, it became acustom to use the guardian
dogs to protect the home against the spirits, as well as against the material
enemies. When the dog barked, it was because a man or some beast came closer;
but when the dog howled, it represented that the spirits were close.
Even today it is still believed that the howls of the dog at night presage
the man was hunter, he was quite kind with the woman; but after
the domestication of the animals and together with the confusion
caused by CALIGASTIA [Planetary Prince] many tribes
treated their wives in a humiliating way; they treated them like
they treated their animals. The brutal treatment of the male to
the woman constitutes one of the blackest chapters in the human
THE SLAVERY LIKE A FACTOR IN THE CIVILIZATION
primitive man never hesitated in enslaving his fellow men. The
woman was the first slave; yes, a family slave. The pastoral man
enslaved the woman as a manner of inferior sexual partner. This type
of sexual slavery was born directly from the fact that the male depended
less from the woman.
Not long ago, the slavery was the luck of the prisoners of war that refused
to accept the conqueror's religion. In the most primitive times they ate up
the prisoners or they tortured them until killing them; they also put them
to fight each other, as sacrifices to the spirits or they enslaved them.
But mainly, the Slavery was a great advance since the slaughter
and the cannibalism.
The “Slavery” was a step forward as a merciful
treatment of the prisoners of war. The ambush at Hai, with the biggest slaughter
of men, women and children, in which was only forgiven the life to the king
to please the conqueror's vanity, was a reliable picture of the wild slaughters
that were practiced in the most presumably civilized towns. The assault to Og,
the king of Basán, was similar of brutal and effective. Hebrews “destroyed
their enemies completely”, taking possession of all their property like
booty; they imposed tributes to all the towns under punishment of the “destruction
of all male”. However, many of the contemporary tribes that had less
tribal egotism, had already begun to practice the adoption of
The hunter, as well as the American red man, didn't subject his captive men
to the slavery; they adopted them or killed them. The slavery didn't
prevail among the pastoral towns, because they required little manpower. In
the war, the shepherds used to practice the elimination of all the captive males
and they took the women and children like slaves. But, in the Code of Moses
the specific commands were already shown for the conversion of these captive
ones in “wives” and of not being satisfactory
they were expelled. But the Hebrews were not allowed to sell these rejected spouses
as slaves, which constituted a great advance of
the civilization. Although the social norms of Hebrews were rough, they were
superior to those of the surrounding tribes.
The shepherds were the first capitalists, their flocks represented the “Capital”,
they lived off the interests from the natural increments. They were reluctant
to commend the custody from this wealth to the slaves or the women. But later
they took captive males and forced them to cultivate the floor. This is the
origin of the servitude, the man tied to the land. This way, the Africans
could be taught easily to cultivate the land, for what they ended up being
the great slave race.
The “Slavery” was an indispensable link in the evolutionary chain
of the human primitive civilization. It was the bridge for which the society
passed from the chaos and the indolence to the order and the civilized activities. It forced the late and lazy towns to work, and this way, to provide the space
and free time for the social progress; undoubtedly in a limitless way, benefiting
only to their superiors.
The institution of the slavery forced the man to invent the Regulator Mechanism of the primitive society, and it gave origin to the principles
of the Government. The “slavery” demanded strong
regulation, but during the European Middle Age, this disappeared because
the feudal gentlemen couldn’t control the slaves. And the latest tribes
in the old times, just as the current aboriginal Australians, never had slaves.
It is certain that the institution of the slavery was very oppressive;
but in the schools for oppression, the man learned the Industry.
Ulteriorly the slaves shared the advantages of a superior society that in poor
taste, these slaves helped to “produce”. The “slavery” after
all, creates an organization of social and cultural achievement;
but it didn't take long in attacking insidiously the society from inside, being the
most severe of all the social destructive wrongs, and that until today it
suffers the civilization.
Already in recent times, the modern Mechanical Invention turned
obsolete the “slavery”. The slavery, just as the polygamy, is disappearing
totally because it doesn't compensate to the man's evolutionary life. But it
has always been disastrous to liberate suddenly to big quantities of slaves,
because less difficulties happen when the emancipation is gradually.
Today, the men are not social slaves, but millions and millions of
them allow the ambition to make them slaves of
the debts. The “involuntary slavery” has
given the step to a new and improved form of modified industrial slavery.
While the ideal of the society is the Freedom and the Universal Evolution,
the idleness and the tremendous laziness [the Inertia] must never defeat
the man. All capable person should be “ACTIVE”, at least, to make enough work
to be sustained oneself.
This way, the modern society is going backwards. But, the “slavery” almost
has disappeared, and the domestic animals are extinguishing, since the civilization
is going back toward the fire [to the inorganic world] looking after the power. Although
the man ascended from the savagery by means of the fire, the animals and the slavery; today and without realizing it is aspiring to the past,
discarding the whole help invested per millenniums, by the slaves and the
attendance of the animals. The man believes to snatch new secrets, sources
of wealth and power from the inexhaustible deposits of the earth, but he forgets
his DIVINE DESTINATION. [Top]
the primitive society was virtually “community”,
the primitive man didn't adhere to the doctrines of the communism.
The communism of the primitive times was not a mere theory or social
doctrine, it was a simple and practical automatic adaptation. The “communism” impeded
the misery and the poverty; the mendacity and the prostitution
were almost unknown among these old tribes.
The primitive communism didn't level the men mostly, or had it
exalted the mediocrity, but it stimulated the inactivity and the idleness,
and this way it repressed the industry and also destroyed the ambition. The Communism was
the indispensable scaffolding for the growth of the Primitive Society,
giving the step to the evolution of a social superior order, since it thwarted
four strong human tendencies:
Family. The man no longer ambitions to accumulate
property; in time he wants to bequeath their capital goods
to their offspring. But in this first Communal Society, the
capital of a man was consumed immediately or was distributed
among the group to its death. The inheritance of the property
didn't exist --the succession tax was of a hundred percent.
The later established customs concerning the capital accumulation
and to the inheritance of the property were an irrefutable
social advance. And this is certain in spite of the gross
abuses that later on were of the wrong use of the capital.
Religious Tendencies. The primitive man also wanted
to save the property as a resource to begin the life in the
next existence. This explains why it lasted so much
time the habit of burying to their dead one's with their belongings.
The old men believed that only the rich ones survived after
the death. Later on, the teachers of the revealed religion
and the Christian precursors, were the first ones to proclaim
and teach that the “poor” can survive at the
same time the rich ones than .
desire of the Freedom and the Idleness. In the days
previous to the social evolution, the distribution of the “earnings” of
each one among the group was indeed, a form of slavery, because
the worker became the slave of the idle. This was the suicidal
weakness of the communism: The improvident one habitually
lived off the saving. Even in these modern times the improvident
ones depend on the state (thrifty taxpayers) to support themselves, this way, those
that don't have capital, wait for those that have it to give
them to eat.
desire of the Security and the Power. The communism
finally was destroyed by the deceiving practices of progressive
and prosperous individuals that appealed to diverse strategies
to escape of being slaves from the inapt idlers from its tribes.
At the beginning the secret monopolizing arose, since the
primitive insecurity impeded the open accumulation of the
capital. Even later it was very dangerous to knead excessive
wealth, the king would invent “collections” in order to confiscate the property of the rich; and when
a rich died, he stopped the funeral until the family donated
a considerable amount to the public well-being or the king,
tax to the inheritance.
more remote times, the women were the property of the community,
and then the mother dominated the family. The primitive caciques
were owners of all the lands and all the women's proprietors; for
that reason, it was required the consent of the sovereign of the
tribe for the marriage. With the dissipation of the communism, the
women were under individual custody and the family’s
father little by little was assuming the domestic control. The “Home” had
this way its beginning. The polygamous customs
that reigned were gradually displaced by the monogamy.
(The polygamy is the survival of the feminine element
as slave in the marriage. The monogamy is the ideal, free
of the slavery, in union of a man and a woman as a couple, in the
exquisite company of the formation of the home, the upbringing, the offspring, the mutual culture and the self-improvement).
Originally, all the properties, the tools and the weapons inclusive, were
common possessions of the tribe. At the beginning the private property consisted on all
that a person “touched”. If a stranger drank in a cup,
the cup from this moment on would become his. Then, the place where it spilled
out blood would become the wounded property or their group.
This way, it was primitively respected the “private property”, because
it was believed that it was loaded of some type of energy from the proprietor's
personality. The honesty towards the property was safe at the mercy of this
type of superstition and it was not necessary any police to protect
the personal belongings. The robbery didn't exist inside the groups, but the
men didn't hesitate in appropriating of the goods of other tribes. The relationships
of property didn't finish with the death. At the beginning,
they burned all the personal belongings, then they were buried with the deceased,
and later the family survivor inherited these belongings or the tribe.
Then, arose the personal belongings of ornamental type in the use of the amulets.
It was the “vanity” together with the “fear to the unknown” that
they motivated the primitive man to resist all intent of detachment of their
favorite amulets; ending up valorizing to these properties above the fundamental
The “space to sleep” figured among the man's first properties.
Then the facilities of the home were assigned to the caciques of the tribe
who had in consignment all the real estates of the group. Then the property
was enlarged to the sorrounding of the “blaze”, conferring the domestic
property; later, a “well of water” constituted
the formal title to the adjacent land.
The “water holes” and “wells” became private possessions;
and it was used many practices of the fetishes to protect the water holes,
wells, trees, cultivations and the beehives of honey. When shrinking the “faith” in
the fetishes, laws were created that evolved to protect the private belongings.
But the laws of hunting, the right of hunting preceded to the “real state
laws” for a lot of time. The American Red Man never understood the concept
of private property of lands; that is to say, he didn't comprehend the White
the private property was marked by the
family badge which originated the “family shields”.
It was also consigned the real state to the custody of the “spirits”.
This way the primitive priests “consecrated” a land,
and then they delegated it to the protection of the magic taboos that
would be erected there. It was said that the proprietors of this
lands had “writing of priestly property”. Hebrews had
great respect for these family landmarks: “Damned it
is the one that removes their neighbor's landmark”.
These stone signs took the priest's initials. Even the trees, if
they were with initials, they became private property.
Initially only the “cultivations” were private, but later “crops” conferred
the Title of Property; this way, the Agriculture was
the genesis of the private property of land. At the
beginning, to the individuals were granted only the holding vitalities; and
when dying it reverted to the tribe. The first property titles of lands
that the tribes granted to the individuals were the tombs, the “family
cemetery”. Later on, the land belonged to who “fenced” it.
But the cities continued reserving certain public pasturage and
of use in case of siege. The “public parks” represent this
way the old survival of the collective property.
the long run, the State ended up assigning the property to the
individual, being reserved the right of burdening taxes. Having
gotten his title, the owner of a land could collect rents, and
the land became source of revenues, Capital.
Finally the land became truly negotiable for sales and purchases,
transfers, mortgages and hypothec executions.
The Private Property brought more freedom and stability; nevertheless,
the “Private Property of Land” the social guarantee was not conferred
until after the failure of the control and the communal direction, that soon
it was continued by a succession of slaves, servants and classes without lands.
But in recent times, the “machinery” little by
little went liberating the man of the arduous slave work.
The Right to the Property is not absolute, it is purely social. But
all government, law, order, civil rights, social freedoms, conventions, peace
and happiness, just as now it is enjoyed by the modern towns, have arisen around the “Private
should be very clear that the present world-wide social order is not
necessarily the correct one. It is not divine or sacred!. But the
present humanity, that is already abandoning its “infantile
state”, will have to institute new and evolutionary transformations
for its New Revolutionary Cycle, beginning the ERA OF THE
HUMAN SOUL inside the natural processes of transition, and this is urgent, since the earth already entered in its process
of Ascension. Together we can achieve it!, The conditions are given,
because what today the man possesses it overcomes all the systems
that your ancestors practiced. When externally it really begin the
transformation of the social order, don't forget to
achieve always the best. Every day is a new day to improve the past!,
Don't allow to be convinced of experiencing with the same discarded
formulas of your predecessors. In the Grand Universe everything
evolves eternally toward its Divine Destination; therefore: Go ahead and
don't go back!, Let the Evolution to Continue!, We should not give
a single step back!. [With the collaboration of one of the Melchizedeck